Washington Carver (1864-1943) was an American scientist.George Washington Carver was a research scientist extraordinaire, inventor, man of faith, educator and humanitarian.1 In 1894, Carver became the first African American to earn a Bachelor of Science degree.2 He taught poor farmers that they could feed hogs acorns instead of commercial feed and enrich croplands with swamp muck instead of fertilizers.3 Dr. George Washington Carver died on January 5, 1943, and is buried on the campus at Tuskegee.4 Carver contributed his entire life savings to establish a research institute at Tuskegee.5

George Washington Carver grew up in Diamond, Missouri on a small farm. Nine years before George Carver's birth, his mother was purchased as a slave at thirteen years old by Moses Carver, a white farmer. He purchased her to help out with his farm despite him being against slavery. When George was still an infant, his sister and his mother were kidnapped from the farm by a band of slave raiders and were then sold in Kentucky. Moses Carver hired a neighbor to go find Carver and his family, but the neighbor could only find George. Moses Craver traded his finest horses to get George back. Moses and his wife Susan raised George and his brother James until George was about 11.6Susan taught him how to cook, mend, embroider, do laundry, garden, and she even taught him how to make simple herbal medicines.
George left home to pursue his master's at Iowa State at a young age. After college, George Washington Carver went on to become a scientist and inventor, specifically in the agricultural field.
Carver made several great contributions to the scientific community. These contributions included research in chemistry (specifically soil chemistry), work in developing the idea of crop rotation, and created various inventions. George also came up with practical ways to use peanuts in everyday life. Some of his scientific developments from peanuts were milk, cooking oils, paper, wood stains, and even cosmetics.7
Carvers Education:
At age 11, George left the farm to attend the all-Black school in the nearby town called Neosho. George was taken in by Andrew and Mariah Watkins, who had no children of their own, in exchange for help around the house. Mariah was a midwife and nurse, she taught George about her knowledge of medicinal herbs and about her devout faith. George was disappointed with the education he received as Neosho, so George moved to Kansas to continue his education, leaving the Watkins behind. He then graduated from Minneapolis High School in 1880. In the late 1880s, he enrolled in Simpson College, a Methodist school that admitted all qualified applicants. He initially studied art and piano because he wanted to get his teaching degree, but a professor learned of his interests in plants and flowers and encouraged him to apply to the Iowa State agricultural department.8

George Washington Carver (original student work)

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Based on these sources:
16 surprising facts about George Washington Carver. (n.d.). Retrieved April 15, 2021, from https://www.nationalpeanutboard.org/news/16-surprising-facts-about-george-washington-carver.htm#:~:text=George%20Washington%20Carver%20was%20the%20first%20African%20American%20to%20have,the%20World's%20Fair%20in%201893.[[/footnote