-What are, "Nitrates and Consequences"?

Nitrates are salts or ester of nitric acid, with the anion having the chemical formula of NO3- or the group -NO3. "Nitrates (or nitrites) are natural chemicals that are found in the soil, air, and water. Nitrates are also used as a food additive to stop the growth of bacteria and to enhance the flavor and color of foods.", according to the unlockfood.ca in some cases Nitrates can be harmful the healthline.com said, "Nitrates are relatively inert, which means they’re stable and unlikely to change and cause harm. However, bacteria in the mouth or enzymes in the body can convert them into nitrites, and these may be harmful."1 Nitrate atoms can also be good for plants making it so they can create their own nitrogen the saps.org.uk said "Both nitrate ions and ammonium ions can be taken up by plants (some prefer one to the other). These ions provide nitrogen for the plant to make its own amino acids for protein synthesis. Except in very high nitrogen soils, the addition of extra nitrate will stimulate plant growth" know that we know the basics about Nitrates2

Nitrate occurs naturally and at safe and healthy levels in some foods (such as spinach and carrots) and comes from natural processes, such as plant decay. Nitrate is in many fertilizers used on yards, golf courses, and crops. Other sources of nitrate include discharge from sewage systems and animal wastes.
Natural processes can cause low levels of nitrate in drinking water—usually less than 3 mg/L. The health concern is with levels of nitrate over 10 mg/L. High levels of nitrate in water can be a result of runoff or leakage from fertilized soil, wastewater, landfills, animal feedlots, septic systems, or urban drainage. It can be difficult to pinpoint where the nitrate in drinking water comes from because there are many possibilities.3

-Nitrates kill fishies. See?

"Nitrate's can be in certain lakes, and bodies of water in Minnesota University). If you were to consume high amounts of nitrate from water, you could eventually get methemoglobinemia which is also known as blue baby syndrome.4 This condition can cause your skin to turn a bluish color and can result in death. After some studies from scientists, they have now come up with a theory that having high amounts of nitrate can also increase your risk of cancer.5 Natural processes cause low levels of nitrate in drinking water, about less than 3mg/L. High concerning levels of nitrate include that over 10mg/L. High levels of nitrate in water can be a result of runoff or leakage from fertilized soil, wastewater, landfills, animal feedlots, septic systems, or urban drainage. It can be difficult to pinpoint where the nitrate in drinking water comes from because there are many possibilities.6. In order to avoid the problem of high levels of nitrate, get drinking water from a source that is safe, or a source your body has been working well with. Even though high levels of nitrate can be serious to your health, having very small amounts of nitrate is actually healthy for your body.7. In some forms, nitrates can be hazardous. However, it may have some health benefits. Nitrate are generally inert, which means they’re stable enough and unlikely to cause any harm. However bacteria or enzymes in the body can convert the nitrate into nitrite. Nitrite can either happen to be nitrosamines, which are
harmful, or nitric oxide, which can be beneficial for the human body.You see, when nitrates hit the tongue, the bacteria in the mouth or the enzymes in the body turn nitrates into nitrites. But nitrites can be good when they form nitric oxide,but when they form into nitrosamines, this can cause a negative effect like cancer-causing cells.8

Nitrate levels in our water resources have increased in many areas of the world largely due to applications of inorganic fertilizer and animal manure in agricultural areas. The regulatory limit for nitrate in public drinking water supplies was set to protect against infant methemoglobinemia, but other health effects were not considered. Risk of specific cancers and birth defects may be increased when nitrate is ingested under conditions that increase formation of N-nitroso compounds. We previously reviewed epidemiologic studies before 2005 of nitrate intake from drinking water and cancer, adverse reproductive outcomes and other health effects. Since that review, more than 30 epidemiologic studies have evaluated drinking water nitrate and these outcomes. The most common endpoints studied were colorectal cancer, bladder, and breast cancer (three studies each), and thyroid disease (four studies). Considering all studies, the strongest evidence for a relationship between drinking water nitrate ingestion and adverse health outcomes (besides methemoglobinemia) is for colorectal cancer, thyroid disease, and neural tube defects.(footnote)